The Human Right to a Healthy Environment: Protecting Life on Earth
Human rights can help overcome the Achilles heel of international environmental law—the absence of effective enforcement mechanisms and the resulting lack of accountability. In the short-term, the goal is universal recognition of the right to a healthy environment through resolutions of the Human Rights Council and the General Assembly. In the medium term, the right should be incorporated into a legally binding global instrument, such as the Global Pact for the Environment first proposed by France or a Third International Covenant. Ultimately, the right should be added to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.